October 23rd, 1956 - National uprising in Hungary


On October 23rd, 1956 the national uprising in Hungary begins with a peaceful mass demonstration of students. More than 10 years before the student movement in the West, Hungarian students call for more democratic rights from its communist government. But that evening the government fires shots into the ever-increasing crowd. Broad social forces are now in solidarity with the protesters. The uprising is quickly supported by the Hungarian army led by Pál Maléter. An armed struggle for freedom breaks out. Political prisoners are freed. In just a few days the dictatorship of the Communist Party falls; a pluralistic multi-party government under Imre Nagy takes power. Hungary resigns from the Warsaw Pact and declares its neutrality. The new government calls for the removal of Soviet troops on Hungarian soil. But rather than to comply with this request, the Red Army brutally smashes the uprising and establishes a new government based on the Moscow model; Maléter and Nagy are executed, tens of thousands are detained and imprisoned. Many Hungarians flee to the West which, while sympathetic toward the insurgents, does not intervene militarily in order to avoid a direct conflict with the Soviet Union October 23rd is a Hungarian National Holiday since 1989.

Länge: 00:01:40 | O-Ton: nein | Farbe: s/w | Jahr: 1956 | Clip-ID: JHT000348E




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