May 30th, 1968 – German Bundestag adopts emergency legislation


On May 30th, 1968 the German Bundestag adopted the emergency legislation. The parties in the ruling coalition, the CDU and the SPD, had a two-thirds majority. Only 53 SPD delegates voted and the FDP party opposition voted against it. The emergency legislation was met with massive protests from the student movement, the so-called non-parliamentary opposition “APO”. Emergency legislation had been demanded for a long time by the Western allies to protect its troops stationed in Germany in the event of a crisis, such as natural disasters, riots, war, and coup attempts, and to strengthen the the executives ability to act. They included restrictions of the basic rights. To compensate for this a right to resistance and the possibility of a constitutional complaint was established. Every German has the right to resist against anyone who tries to eliminate the constitutional order. There were some reservations among the public as well because they remembered Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution. In the Weimar Republic especially towards its end the article often eliminated democratic life. Polemically the emergency laws were called the "Enabling Act". For Hitler and the Nazis it had paved the way to dictatorship.

Länge: 00:01:36 | O-Ton: nein | Farbe: s/w | Jahr: 1968 | Clip-ID: JHT000364E




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